The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of all electrical devices that include software, actuators and connectivity which allows these items to connect, interact and exchange data. This means that not only standard devices, such as computers, smartphones and tablets involve internet connectivity but non-traditional items will be connected also. This will allow these regular items to communicate and interact over the internet, which would enable the ability to monitor and control them remotely.
In 1990, the number of devices that were connected to the internet was 300,000. In 1999 it was 90 million. In 2010, it was 5 billion. In 2013, it was 9 billion and it has been forecasted that by 2025 there will be 1 trillion products connected to the internet. To get a better understanding of how the Internet of Things work, we should take a look at some examples.
Having all your household devices connected to one network would allow you to control them using an app or even your voice. This is a Smart Home. Having a Smart Home will allow you to control lighting, climate, entertainment systems and appliances. This will simplify life at home and in the near future will be just as common as smartphones.
Not only will our homes be connected to the internet but also our cars. A connected car is simply just a car that is equipped with internet access and a wireless local area network. This allows the car to share data with other devices both inside and outside the car. This feature will work well with autonomous cars, as you could be sat inside a self-driving car and you will have the ability to enter your destination from your smartphone.
Another interesting example of how the Internet of Things will change the way we live is Smart Cities. Smart surveillance, automated transportation, smarter energy management systems, water distribution, urban security and environmental monitoring all are examples of Internet of Things applications for smart cities.
So who are some of the big players when it comes to the Internet of Things? Some of the top technology companies are focusing their efforts on products that are compatible with the internet. Amazon, AT&T, Dell, Google, Microsoft, Samsung and many more have all realised the potential of how big IoT is.
The Internet of Things will definitely be a big part of our everyday as the technology is steadily gaining pace and it has been estimated it won’t be long till the Internet of Things will start to increase in popularity. Eventually it will be against the norm to walk into somebody’s house and they have not got the ability to control every electrical appliance by voice.